Impact of the road pavement type on acoustic pollution of the territories adjacent to the highway

Number: Issue 18(2018)
Section: Environmental protection technologies
The page spacing of the article: 26-39
Keywords: noise level, road pavement, traffic flow, traffic volume.
How to quote an article: Valerii Vyrozhemskyi, Nataliia Kharytonova., Nataliia Stoianovych. Impact of the road pavement type on acoustic pollution of the territories adjacent to the highway. Dorogi і mosti [Roads and bridges]. Kyiv, 2018. 18. P. 26-39 [in Ukrainian]


M.P. Shulgin State Road Research Institute State Enterprise - DerzhdorNDI SE, Kyiv, Ukraine
M.P. Shulgin State Road Research Institute State Enterprise
M.P. Shulgin State Road Research Institute State Enterprise - DerzhdorNDI SE, Kyiv, Ukraine


Introduction. Environmental protection is one of the most important issues in the complex of measures targeted at promoting the further development of our society. Its urgency is increasing with each passing year. The transport and road complex is a powerful source of environmental pollution. The main share of the air pollution by harmful substances falls precisely on the emissions from motor transport. Along with the air pollution, the noise has become no less common consequence of technical progress and transport development. The current tendency towards an increase in the carrying capacity of vehicles and traffic volume causes an increase in the transport noise level in the highway impact area. It should be noted that the road noise is among the three environmental factors that impair the human health in mass.
Purpose. The material of the pavement and its properties largely cause the noise that occurs during the interaction of the vehicle’s wheel with the road pavement. 
Results. It is concluded that the noise generated during the wheel’s movement can also be used as an indirect indicator that characterizes the grip quality of the road pavement. The studies presented in the paper are focused on the level of noise characteristics of traffic flows depending on the type of road pavement that will allow determining the noise properties of the road pavement during the operation of public highways. The research was carried out on the roads with road pavement types which are most common in Ukraine, namely: stone mastic asphalt (SMА-10, SМА-15, SМА-20), polymer modified stone mastic asphalt, cement.
Conclusion. According to the results of the conducted studies, the acoustic characteristics of the traffic flow passing through different types of pavement were determined and the comparison of these parameters was carried out. During the reconstruction of existing roads and in conditions of increased traffic flows including those, near the settlement areas, it is possible to develop the measures for the rational use of low noise road pavements. It will provide more effective control of the noise mode of the areas located within the highways impact area during the implementation of environmental protection measures.


1. Vnukova N.V. Otsinka akustychnoho zabrudnennia prydorozhnoi terytorii avtomobilnoi dorohy. Eastern-European journal of enterprise technologies. Volume 4. N 6. 2011. P. 42-47. [in Ukrainian].
2. Daludina A.M., Kutas E.O., Vnukova N.V. Analiz ta otsinka shumovoho navantazhennia pry funktsionuvanni avtotransportnykh system. Zakhyst navkolyshnoho seredovyshcha. Zbalansovane pryrodokorystuvannia: a collection of materials of the 2nd International Student Congress (23-24 april 2015, Lviv). Lviv, 2015. P. 31-32. [in Ukrainian].
3. Borodina N.A., Tyshchenko Yu.Ye., Bytiutska N.I., Platanovskyi I.A. Porivnialnyi analiz metodyk rozrakhunku akustychnoho vplyvu avtomobilnykh dorih. III mizhnarodna naukovo-praktychna konferentsiia «Ekolohichna bezpeka: problemy i shliakhy vyrishennia»: Collection of Science Articles in 2 volume. Kharkiv, 2007. Volume 2. 220-224. [in Ukrainian].
4. Vnukova N., Zhelnovach G., Parkhin N. Estimation of acoustic and vibration contamination risk of roadside area. Bulletin of Kharkov National Automobile and Highway University. Kharkiv, 2010. N 48. P. 108-111. [in Ukrainian].
5. Vnukova N., Zhelnovach G. Noise pollution of roadside territories as a factor of health influence (on example of pesochin Kharkiv region). Bulletin of Kharkov National Automobile and Highway University. Kharkiv, 2010. N 43. P. 13-15. [in Ukrainian].
6. Vasiliev A.V. Reducing the noise of traffic flows in current urban conditions Èkologiâ i promyšlennostʹ Rossii. Moscow, 2004. N 6. P. 7-41. [in Russia].
7. Measurements on low noise road surfaces. International Conference on Noise Control Engineering. Inter-noise. International Conference on Noise Control Engineering (Hamburg, 2016). Hamburg, 2016. P. 3898-3909. [in English].
8. Measurement of the influence of road surfaces on traffic noise. Part 4: SPB method using backing board. ISO, 1998. (Information and documentation). [in English].
9. Kravchun P.N. Heneratsiia y metody snyzhenyia shuma y zvukovoi vibratsii. Moscow, 2002. 182 p. [in Russia].
10. Pashin V.F. Ekologiya dlya injenera. Moscow, 2001. 282 p. [in Russia].
11. Pospelov. P.I. Borba s shumom na avtomobilnyih dorogah. Moscow, 1981. 88 p. [in Russia].
12. State Standard of Ukraine (DSTU-N B V.1.1-35:2013) Nastanova z rozrakhunku ta proektuvannia zakhystu vid shumu selbishnykh terytorii. Kiev, 2013. 46 p. (Information and documentation) [in Ukrainian].